Quantum theory - which was developed in the early 1900s by Plank, Bohr, Feynman and Einstein - has fundamentally changed our understanding of how light and matter behave at extremely small scales. Our ability to manipulate quantum effects in customised systems and materials is now paving the way for a second quantum revolution, which takes quantum theory to its technological consequences. It should lead to devices with far superior performance and capabilities for sensing, measuring and imaging; for communication, simulation and computing. Quantum technologies ultimately are expected to open new opportunities to address grand challenges in such fields as energy, health, security and the environment. Some are already starting to be commercially exploited. Others may still require years of careful research and development. Yet others we cannot even imagine today.
The future markets for quantum technologies are going to be at least as significant as current ICT markets. For example, as early as 2020, Quantum Communication could serve a market sized over €1 billion, with a steep estimated growth rate of 20 percent per year. Near-term technologies could be available within 5 years, notably for sensing, metrology, imaging and communication. Otherwise the anticipated time frame is 10 to 15 years and beyond.
Following a series of dialogues initiated by the European Commission with industry and other stakeholders, a “Quantum Manifesto” has been published with the support of more than 3000 representatives from academia, industry and governmental and funding institutions. The roadmap calls for an ambitious strategy to set the bases of a world-class quantum industry in Europe that will unlock the full potential of quantum technologies and bring commercial products to public and private markets, combining education, science, engineering and entrepreneurship. More information on the Quantum Manifesto, its goals and proposals, are available in the press release of the Dutch Presidency and the blogpost co-signed by Prof dr Tommaso Calarco, Director of the Centre for Integrated Quantum Science and Technology in Ulm and Michael Bolle, President of Corporate Research and Development, Robert Bosch GmbH.
The first call of the Quantum Flagship (the rump-up stage) will be launched in November 2017, as part of the FET Work Program 2018-20.