The Fifth Framework Programme (FP5) has two distinct parts: the Fifth European Community Framework Programme covering Research, Technological Development and Demonstration activities; and the Fifth Euratom Framework Programme covering research and training activities in the nuclear sector.
FP5 has a multi-theme structure, consisting of seven Specific Programmes, of which four are Thematic Programmes:
and three are Horizontal Programmes, which underpin and complement the Thematic Programmes by responding to common needs across all research areas:
FP5 was conceived to help solve problems and respond to major socio-economic challenges the EU is facing. It focuses on a number of objectives and areas combining technological, industrial, economic, social and cultural aspects. This approach is reinforced by the Key Action concept. Key actions deal with concrete problems through multi-disciplinary approaches involving all the interested parties.